Vol. 37 Issue 1

Amer J. Almarbheh, Yasin I. Tayem and Alya H. Ali
Aim We aimed to study fourth- and sixth-year medical students’ perceptions of watching educational videos and the impact of this on their academic achievement. Methods Students` views were collected by using a self-administered questionnaire, which focused on their perceptions on the value of these videos on their learning and performance in written and practical examinations. Data was also gathered from participants on the topics and sources of the videos. Results Our sample was comprised of (287) students response rate 77.8%, 62.2% females and 37.8% males). The majority of respondents agreed that watching educational videos helped them understand concepts (93.4%), made studying easier (94.1%) and more enjoyable (81.5%). Most students added that the videos helped them improve their performance in professional skills (90.8%) and written exams (77.1%). When we asked the participants whether or not they trust the videos, the majority responded positively (68.3%) to this query, particularly, if the source of the video is an academic institution (86.6%). Anatomy videos were the most common to be watched by fourth-year students (31.03%), followed by pathology (23.65%) and physiology (23.32%). On the other hand, the majority of sixth-year students watched videos on internal medicine (37.56%), general surgery (22.62%) and obstetrics and gynaecology (12.67%). Conclusions In conclusion, most students believed that watching educational videos improved learning and examination performance.

Alajab Mohammed Alajab Ismail
Many postgraduate students face difficulties in learning the educational statistics topics because of their mathematical nature. Adopting innovative learning technologies has opened up a wide range of options to extend the learning strategies in higher education and support students` learning outcomes. The current study aimed to assess the effectiveness of a blended learning BL approach with 18 Master’s Degree students enrolled in two postgraduate courses in statistics i.e. (introduction to educational statistics and quantitative research data analysis courses) taught at the Arabian Gulf University Distance Teaching & Training Master Program in Bahrain. The courses were enrolled as Blended Learning with the College of Graduate Studies-CGS Moodle Learning Management System during the second semester of the academic year 20182019/. The students were assessed using online quizzes, 2 written tests, two assignments: one in descriptive and the other in inferential statistics, one open book exam and a final examination. Data analysis revealed that the blended learning approach helped the students to learn the course content i.e. (students` grades ranged from B+ to A). The learning satisfaction survey administered at the end of the course revealed a high degree of satisfaction with the course material and the teaching approach used. In conclusion, blended learning is viewed as feasible for teaching statistics courses and is beneficial to both students and instructors.

Luma Fayez Alsalah
This research aims to conceptualize the phenomenon of leadership through the power of language. Effective language use leads to effective communication, which is quintessential in leadership practice. This paper views any person able to obtain followers or audience as a leader, regardless of the pertinent realm or domain. It is worth noting that the terms “audience” and “followers” are used interchangeably herein. This research adopts the communicative power of language while linking its significance to a non- specific domain leadership. Moreover, this study provides a combination of Howard Gardner’s and John C. Maxwell’s perspectives on leadership while highlighting the connection between effective language use and leadership communication through influence, socialization and change.

Adel Saad Al-Qarni, Odeh Al-Jayyousi and Soud Almahamid
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of knowledge management processes on service innovation in international airports in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Approach: The study applied a quantitative method to collect data via a questionnaire. A total number of 1493 questionnaires were distributed by two methods: 785 were paper copies and 708 online google forms. Out of 708 electronic questionnaires, only 85 were returned, while out of 785 paper-based questionnaires, 230 were collected. Results: The results showed that knowledge management processes (creating, sharing, and application) have a positive and significant impact on service innovation. Also, results showed that knowledge management processes (creating, sharing, and application) have a positive and significant impact on organizational creativity. Furthermore, organizational creativity acts partly as a mediator between knowledge management creation and service innovation. The results support the main role of knowledge management processes as a catalyst of knowledge-based innovation in Saudi international airports. Recommendations: Finally, the research recommends conducting such a study on airports in other countries in the GCC. Moreover, the study recommends building the capacity of human capital and to motivate employees to enhance organizational creativity in the airport sector. Originality: Developing and testing a new model that links knowledge management processes and organizational creativity with services in the GCC context.